2015 Shannons Sydney Autumn Classic Auction

1974 Citroen D Special Sedan




Engine In-Line 4-cylinder, 1984cc
Gearbox Manual 4-Speed
Body Work Sedan
Colour White
Interior Black
Trim Vinyl
Wheels Steel disc
Brakes Discs


This lot is no longer available

Unconventional, futuristic and so very French, CitroŽn's DS was launched in 1955 as a replacement for the venerable Traction Avant and remained in production for the next three decades. A design that was both technically and stylistically advanced, the DS boasts an unparalleled ride and road holding thanks to the hydro pneumatic self-levelling suspension system, with hydraulics also controlling the brakes, clutch, transmission and power steering. Powered by a relatively small capacity four-cylinder engine, the CitroŽn relied on superior aerodynamics to provide a high cruising speed and decent acceleration - the unmistakable streamlined shape of the DS was actually penned by an Italian, Flaminio Bertoni and still looks remarkably fresh today. One criticism levelled at the DS was the cost - it was an expensive car to build and priced accordingly, so a simplified, cheaper alternative, the ID19, was launched two years later in 1957. Sharing the same basic platform and body styling, the ID19 lacked power steering and had a conventional clutch/transmission. Two models were initially offered, the Standard (developing 63 bhp at 4000 rpm) and Luxury with 66 bhp at 4500 rpm and a slightly higher top speed. The ID19 was a resounding success and even enjoyed a successful rally career, winning the 1959 Monte Carlo Rally outright. CitroŽn phased out the ID in 1969, replacing it with two new models, the D Special and D Super, the latter equipped with the DS20's engine. The D Special was equipped with a 1985cc engine developing 91 horsepower at 5500 rpm, rising to 98 horsepower in 1971. Both the D Special and Super received an even more powerful 108 bhp engine in 1972 and remained in production until the end of 1975. The D Special has a lot going for it, with a simple interior full of Gallic charm, fewer complex systems to go wrong and it remains a more affordable alternative to the DS. Regarded as one of the most influential automobiles of all time (it was placed third after the Model T Ford and Mini in a poll conducted in 1999), CitroŽn's DS/ID series is finally gaining the recognition it has long deserved.